Hello Swift Community,
The review of SE-165: Dictionary & Set Enhancements ran from April 6...11, 2017. The proposal is accepted with some revisions regarding naming:
1) The key/value sequence of init that does not take a closure resolving key conflicts will be named init(uniqueKeysWithValues:). The core team felt that either possible implementation – a default way of coalescing keys, or fatalError-ing on conflicts – could be surprising to users in ways that could easily be missed in testing. A failable initializer would probably result in frequent force-unwrapping. Giving the initializer an argument label that clearly states the uniqueness requirement fulfills the goal of making sure the caller is aware of the requirement.
2) The initializer that takes a sequence of pairs and a closure for conflicts will be named init(_:uniquingKeysWith:), and the two merge methods (mutating and non-mutating) named merge(_:uniquingKeysWith:) and merging(_:uniquingKeysWith:).
3) The group-by method on Sequence will be made into an initializer on Dictionary: init<S: Sequence, E>(grouping elements: S, by: (E) -> Key) where Value == [E], S.Iterator.Element == E
The author will revise the proposal according. Thank you to everyone who participated in the review of what will be some really useful additions to Dictionary!