In another post, @scanon outlined some basic requirements before we can define fixed-width Decimal numbers:

There is now a newly updated `DecimalFloatingPoint`

protocol incorporating all known comments to be reviewed by anyone who is interested:

```
/// A radix-10 (decimal) floating-point type.
///
/// The `DecimalFloatingPoint` protocol extends the `FloatingPoint` protocol
/// with operations specific to floating-point decimal types, as defined by the
/// [IEEE 754 specification][spec]. `DecimalFloatingPoint` is implemented in
/// the standard library by `Decimal32`, `Decimal64`, and `Decimal128` where
/// available.
///
/// [spec]: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/servlet/opac?punumber=4610933
public protocol DecimalFloatingPoint : FloatingPoint {
/// A type that represents the encoded significand of a value.
associatedtype RawSignificand: UnsignedInteger
/// A type that represents the encoded exponent of a value.
associatedtype RawExponent : UnsignedInteger
/// Creates a new instance from the specified sign and bit patterns.
///
/// The values passed as `exponentBitPattern` is interpreted in the
/// decimal interchange format defined by the [IEEE 754 specification][spec].
///
/// [spec]: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/servlet/opac?punumber=4610933
///
/// The `significandBitPattern` are the big-endian, integer decimal digits
/// of the number. For example, the integer number `314` represents a
/// significand of `314`.
///
/// - Parameters:
/// - sign: The sign of the new value.
/// - exponentBitPattern: The bit pattern to use for the exponent field of
/// the new value.
/// - significandBitPattern: Bit pattern to use for the significand field
/// of the new value.
init(sign: Sign, exponentBitPattern: RawExponent,
significandBitPattern: RawSignificand)
/// Creates a new instance from the given value, rounded to the closest
/// possible representation.
///
/// If two representable values are equally close, the result is the value
/// with more trailing zeros in its significand bit pattern.
///
/// - Parameter value: A floating-point value to be converted.
init<Source:DecimalFloatingPoint>(_ value: Source)
/// Creates a new instance from the given value, if it can be represented
/// exactly.
///
/// If the given floating-point value cannot be represented exactly, the
/// result is `nil`. A value that is NaN ("not a number") cannot be
/// represented exactly if its payload cannot be encoded exactly.
///
/// - Parameter value: A floating-point value to be converted.
init?<Source:DecimalFloatingPoint>(exactly value: Source)
/// The number of bits used to represent the type's exponent.
static var exponentBitCount: Int { get }
/// The available number of significand digits.
///
/// For fixed-width decimal floating-point types, this is the actual number
/// of significand digits.
///
/// For extensible decimal floating-point types, `significandDigitCount`
/// should be the maximum allowed significand width (both fractional and
/// integral) digits of the significand. If there is no upper limit, then
/// `significandDigitCount` should be `Int.max`.
static var significandDigitCount: Int { get }
/// The raw encoding of the value's exponent field.
///
/// This value is unadjusted by the type's exponent bias.
var exponentBitPattern: RawExponent { get }
/// The raw binary integer decimal encoding of the value's significand field.
var significandBitPattern: RawSignificand { get }
/// The floating-point value with the same sign and exponent as this value,
/// but with a significand of 1.0.
///
/// A *decade* is a set of decimal floating-point values that all have the
/// same sign and exponent. The `decade` property is a member of the same
/// decade as this value, but with a unit significand.
///
/// In this example, `x` has a value of `21.5`, which is stored as
/// `2.15 * 10**1`, where `**` is exponentiation. Therefore, `x.decade` is
/// equal to `1.0 * 10**1`, or `10.0`.
///```
/// let x = 21.5
/// // x.significand == 2.15
/// // x.exponent == 1
///
/// let y = x.decade
/// // y == 10.0
/// // y.significand == 1.0
/// // y.exponent == 1
///```
var decade: Self { get }
/// The number of digits required to represent the value's significand.
///
/// If this value is a finite nonzero number, `significandDigitCount` is the
/// number of decimal digits required to represent the value of
/// `significand`; otherwise, `significandDigitCount` is -1. The value of
/// `significandDigitCount` is always -1 or from one to the
/// `significandMaxDigitCount`. For example:
///
/// - For any representable power of ten, `significandDigitCount` is one,
/// because significand` is `1`.
/// - If `x` is 10, `x.significand` is `10` in decimal, so
/// `x.significandDigitCount` is 2.
/// - If `x` is Decimal32.pi, `x.significand` is `3.141593` in
/// decimal, and `x.significandDigitCount` is 7.
var significandDigitCount: Int { get }
}
```